Polio is one type of sickness caused by a virus. Polio viruses enter through the mouth, into the gastrointestinal tract, and eventually attacks the nerves that can cause paralysis.
In general, polio attacks children aged 0-3 years. However, you realize not have to make miserable as polio can be effectively prevented through immunization.
Polio immunization is one of the mandatory immunizations conclusive to infants and children. According to the guidelines Indonesian Pediatric Association in 2014, polio immunization must be resolution to children aged 0, 2, 4, and 6 months, and repeat at the age of 2 years and 5 years.
Polio immunization there are two types of oral polio immunization were dropped about the baby's mouth, and polio injections are injected in the thigh. The side effects of polio immunization are unconditionally rare, as a outcome it is the entire safe provided.
Oral polio immunization
Immunizations are dripped on the mouth contains inactivated virus that can bring to moving picture immunity in the gastrointestinal tract and the child's body. Once the immune system is formed, if any polio virus that enters the gastrointestinal tract, the virus will be killed by the immune system in the intestines and blood. The virus in addition to can not multiply and can not be press to the front to local children.
Injectable polio immunization
Polio immunization syringes containing killed virus that stimulates immunity in the blood and the body protecting children from polio virus infection. However, the injectable polio imuniasi not slay bacteria in the gut such as oral polio immunization. Injectable polio immunization can be resolved to babies who have low immunity, such as babies beast era-honored high-dose corticosteroid treatment in the long term, usual anticancer drugs, or had AIDS.
Polio in Indonesia
In 1996, in Indonesia may no longer exist wild polio virus, but in 2005 and 2006 going in the by now going on polio that attacks 305 people. Finally, after the take steps by the dealing out through toting taking place together going on immunization, in the past 2006 until now polio has never been found then previously again in Indonesia.
Nevertheless, we must remain more vigilant. Do not tolerate an outbreak of polio guidance as it did in 2005 and 2006. That is why upon 8 to 15 March 2016, the incline of the National Polio Immunization Week.
Polio National Immunization Week (PIN)
Polio National Immunization Week is intended for children aged 0-59 months. Immunizations utter to all children that age regardless of their immunization status. That is, even though you've got a child polio immunization, your child should yet be immunized if they are asleep the age of 5 years.
After past the PIN, the child should still be immunized basis for PIN forlorn a additional atmosphere. In children who are experiencing diarrhea or fever, immunization shall be postponed until the child recovers. Polio immunization will be held lost of conflict at the Posyandu, polindes, health centers, and hospitals to hand.
Given the importance of polio immunization in children, moreover make certain you follow the toddler Polio National Immunization Week is early March 8 to 15.